Pediatric Hair Loss
It is not surprising to notice hair fall in people once they cross the age of 50. However, it is definitely surprising and even shocking in some cases to observe hair fall or hair loss in the pediatric population. Right from newborns to infants and toddlers, there have been cases of hair fall in children. It is quite a common phenomenon; however, the reasons behind children having are quite different from adults having this condition.
A problem with the scalp is the most common cause of Pediatric Hair Loss. Losing hair during childhood subjects the child to ridicule at school or daycare center leading to some children getting depressed and may not want to attend school.
Since, Pediatric Hair Loss has significant adverse effects to the psyche of the child, it is essential to consult a physician and take adequate measures before things get out of hand. Read below to find out about the different causes and treatment options for Pediatric Hair Loss.
In majority of the cases of Pediatric Hair Loss, the cause is an infection of the scalp. Below mentioned are some of the common medical causes of Pediatric Hair Loss. They include both medical and non-medical causes like tinea capitis, Trichotillomania, Hair Loss of Newborn, friction Hair Loss, exposure to Chemicals, Hair Dryer Use, and Hair Ties. However, the major cause for hair loss in children is
Alopecia Areata:This is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks the hair follicles causing hair loss. Approximately 1 in every 1000 children is affected by Alopecia Areata. There are normally three forms of Alopecia namely, Alopecia Areata, Alopecia Totalis, and Alopecia Universalis.
While Alopecia Areata causes bald patches to form on the scalp of the child, the other two forms causes hair to fall from the scalp and body. Children with Alopecia Areata ultimately lose all their hairs and become bald.
Alopecia Totalis:This is an advanced form of Alopecia Areata. In this condition, there is complete loss of hair from the scalp. This condition is quite rare and usually genetic makeup of the child has a role to play in this. Studies estimate that 5% of children with Alopecia Areata go on to develop Alopecia Totalis. The cause for Alopecia Totalis is unknown.
Alopecia Areata:These include corticosteroids in the form of lotions and creams. Minoxidil is also quite effective in calming down the symptoms of Alopecia Areata.
Corticosteroids and biologics are the most preferred treatment for Alopecia Totalis in children. Steroids are given in a tapered dose as chronic use of this medication can cause side effects. Another treatment for Alopecia Totalis is called as pulsed steroid therapy in which a cream containing steroid is rubbed in the scalp of the child causing an allergic reaction. This reaction stimulates new hair growth.