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Fungal Infections

The skin of our body is the largest area that is exposed to the outside environment. In fact, this is the largest organ of the body. The primary function of the skin is to protect the body from invasion of any harmful substances like bacteria, virus, or any debris which may damage the internal organs of the body. However, at times the skin itself gets infected. It can be caused by a variety of germs present in enormity in the outside environment.

The symptoms of these infections are variable and range from mild to moderate. The mild symptoms can be treated with home remedies and do not require any specific medical intervention. However, when the infection is severe physician consultation is required for prompt treatment of the infection.

Infections that develop in the moist areas of the body such as the armpits or the genital areas are normally caused due to fungus. These are termed as Fungal Infections. These infections even though highly contagious are usually harmless. Some of the different types of fungal skin infections include Athlete’s foot, yeast infection, ringworm, oral thrush, and diaper rash.

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Causes

As stated, Fungal Infections are caused due to exposure of the skin to fungus. This occurs in the moist areas of the body. Lifestyle plays a major role in increasing the risk of Fungal Infection. As an example, an individual with a history of athlete’s foot may have frequent recurrences if he or she is a professional runner and has a problem of excessive sweating. Additionally, wearing sweaty and wet clothes also increases the risk for developing Fungal Infections.

The symptoms of a Fungal Infection are variable and depend on the severity of the infection. The primary symptom includes dry erythematous skin along with pain, itching, and tenderness around the affected area. In severe cases, there may be raised skin lesions that are filled with pus that may ooze wen scratched.

In cases of severe fungal infection, the symptoms are

  • Pus
  • Blisters
  • Angioedema of eyelids and lips
  • Skin breakdown
  • Skin discoloration with dry necrotic skin

The most preferred method of treating Fungal Infections are antifungal creams and sprays to get rid of the fungus, as prescribed by the physician . If this proves to be ineffective, then it becomes mandatory to consult with a dermatologist, to devise a treatment plan for the Fungal Infection. Aside from prescribing a stronger antifungal medication, NSAIDs may also be prescribed to calm down the inflammation.

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